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Key Elements 

The Lifecycle Framework

Specific Elements: General Introduction

INTRODUCTION

75 years and over:

  • multiple morbidity
  • dementia and depression
  • maintenance of function and independence
  • social isolation
  • quality of housing

65 to 74 years:

  • all major causes of acute and chronic illness
  • disability (particularly impairment of mobility and sensation)
  • dementia and depression
  • maintenance of function and independence
  • social isolation

45 to 64 years:

  • coronary heart disease
  • stroke
  • maignancies
  • chronic illness
  • work related illness
  • respiratory disease
  • screening (e.g., for breast cancer and CHD risk factors)
  • mental health
  • prepartion for old age

25 to 44 years:

  • child-bearing
  • child-rearing
  • accidents
  • malignancies
  • unhealthy life-style
  • special needs
  • work-related illness
  • mental health
  • health promotion
  • development of autonomy
  • stress

15 to 24 years:

  • preparation for healthy independent adult life
  • accidents, in particular road traffic accidents
  • violence
  • self-inflicted injury
  • risky behavior (e.g. alcohol and drug use)
  • sexual activity
  • sexually transmitted disease including HIV
  • child-bearing
  • family planning
  • homelessness
  • stress
  • peer group pressures

5 to 14 years:

  • accidents outside the home
  • malignancies
  • formal education and preparation for a healthy life-style
  • special needs groups
  • peer group influences

1 to 4 years:

  • immunization
  • home accidents
  • the immediate external environment
  • special needs groups
  • family influences

1 week to 1 year:

  • quality of the immediate external environment
  • quality of the home environment
  • immunization
  • developmental surveillance
  • family influences

Late pregnancy to 1 week after birth:

  • quality of pregnancy
  • delivery and early life
  • mother's health

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